Swallowtail Caterpillar Host Plants of Europe

Malus family, Apple trees


This lists butterfly host plants for the Swallowtail caterpillar of Europe.


More host plants for the Swallowtail:

The European list is short as there are no more than fifteen Swallowtail Butterflies throughout Europe and North Africa.

I keep it easy providing common plant names and/or family and genus. This way the gardener will be able to recognize one name.

    Also a note about climbers... they climb.. a lot! Depending on the species they can become invasive. You can successfully keep them on the outskirts of the yard where they will climb the trees.

    If you want climbers closer to your house be particular. In time the structure holding the climbers can break down, weather and possibly deteriorate the wood or brick supporting it.


Also see important information about Dutchmans Pipe on the North American Swallowtail caterpillar host plant page.


To View Host Plants for Butterflies for All butterfly families click here



Swallowtail Caterpillar Butterflies and host plants suited to each:


1) Clouded Apollo

  • Corydalis (Papaveraceae) family


2) Corsican Swallowtail

  • Giant Fennel (Ferula) family especially Ferula Communis
  • Peucedanum Paniculatum Loisel
  • Ruta (Rutaceae) family especially CorsicaThese above three Host Plants are considered Toxic to grazing mammals.


3) Desert Swallowtail

  • Deverra Chloranthus
  • Deverra Scopularia
  • Giant Fennel (Ferula) family especially Ferula Communis
  • Pycnocyla Glauca Lindl (Umbelliferae)
  • Seseli Varium


4) Eastern Festoon [Zerynthia (Aristolochia) Cerisyi]

  • Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia) family especially Altissima, Bodamae, Clematitis, Rotunda


5) Eastern Festoon [Zerynthia (Allancastria) Cretica]

  • Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia)


6) False Apollo

  • Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia)


7) Papilio Machaon Swallowtail

  • Albus (Dictamnus) family
  • Bishop's Weed (Aegopodium) family. Also known as Podagraria Veriegatum.
  • Caraway (Carum) family especially Carvi
  • Carrot (Peucedanum) family
  • Cowbane (Cicuta virosa)
  • Cow-Parsnip (Heracleum) family especially Heracleum Sphondylium
  • Daucus family
  • Dill (Anethum) family especially Graveolens
  • Foeniculum family especially Vulgare
  • Giant Fennel (Ferula) family
  • Goutweed (Aegopodium) family. Also known as Podagraria Veriegatum.
  • Haplophyllum (Rutaceae)
  • Laserpitium Latifolium
  • Lovage (Levisticum Officinale)
  • Northern Water Hemlock (Cicuta Virosa)
  • Pastinaca family especially Pastinaca Sativa
  • Ruta (Rutaceae)
  • Saxifraga (Saxifrage) family especially Pimpinella
  • Trinia Glauca (Honewort)
  • "Woodland Angelica (Archangelica) family especially Silvestris/Sylvestris


8) Apollo Swallowtail (Parnassius Apollo)

  • Hens and Chicks (Sempervivum)
  • Houseleek (Sempervivum)
  • Sedum (Stonecrop) family especially Album, Hylotelephium Caucasicum, Rhodiola Rosea, Rosea, Rupestre, TelephiumBecause this butterfly flies primarily in the mountains, it is named after the mountain of the Greek gods - Parnassus.


9) Scarce Swallowtail

  • Apple/Crabapple (Malus) family
  • Crataegus - Hawthorns
  • Lavendar
  • Pear (Pyrus) family
  • Prunus (Amygdalus) family including Almond, Cherry, Cherry Laurel, Nectarine, Peach, Plum
  • Sorbus - Rowans and Whitebeams This butterfly very common in Europe but can also be found in China and Asia.


10) Small Apollo

  • Sedum (Stonecrop) family especially Album, Debile, Lanceolatum, Obtusatum, Rhodiola Rosea, Stenopetalum, Wrightii
  • Saxifraga (Saxifage) family especially Aizioides, Calycina, Nivalis, Sempervivum Montanum, Tectorum


11) Southern Festoon

  • Duthcman's Pipe (Aristolochia) family especially Birthwort, Clematitis, Pallida, Pistolochia, Rotunda


12) Southern Swallowtial

  • Caraway (Carum) family especially Carvi
  • Giant Fennel (Ferula) family especially Ferula Communis, Karategina, Ugamica
  • Falcaria Vulgaris
  • Opopanax Chironium
  • Opopanax Hispidus
  • Ptychotis Heterophylla
  • Saxifraga (Saxifrage) family especially Pimpinella
  • Seseli Libanotis
  • Seseli Montanum
  • Trinia Vulgaris
  • Torilis Heterophylla


13) Spanish Festoon

  • Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia) family especially Baetica, Fontanesi, Longa, Pistolochia, Rotunda


14) Iphiclides Feisthamelii

  • Apple/Crabapple (Malus)
  • Crataegus - Hawthorns
  • Pear (Pyrus)
  • Prunus (Amygdalus) family including Almond, Cherry, Cherry Laurel, Nectarine, Peach, Plum
  • Sorbus - Rowans, Whitebeams




Click below for more butterfly host plants for the Swallowtail caterpillar


To View Host Plants for Butterflies for All butterfly families click here




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