Swallowtail Caterpillar
Host Plants of India and Asia




This Swallowtail caterpillar host plants page contains about half of the list of butterflies of India.




With Indian terrain being so diverse between climates of hot and cold along with different types of vegetation, many butterflies are highly visible - others are not.

Pitcher Plant

 There are over eighty butterfly types of this family in India. Many of them are also common Asian butterflies. This list gives you an idea of what is the Swallowtail caterpillar prefers to dine on throughout these regions.


    Also a note about climbers... they climb.. a lot! Depending on the species they can become invasive. You can successfully keep them on the outskirts of the yard where they will climb the trees.

    If you want climbers closer to your house be particular. In time the structure holding the climbers can break down, weather and possibly deteriorate the wood or brick supporting it.


Other pages talked about Dutchman's Pipe as climbers, also called 'Small Creepers'. The above paragraph is also noting Napenthes species, or 'Pitcher Plant'.


    To view Host Plants for Butterflies for All butterfly families click here



Butterflies are in alphabetical order. My goal is to help those who are learning so there is redundancy to this list of Swallowtail caterpillar host plants.


1) Bhutan Glory

  • Aristolochia family (Dutchman's Pipe) especially A. Griffithii, A. Kaempferii, A. Mandshuriensis

2) Blue Mormon

  • Ruaceae including Atalantia Racemosa, Glycosmis Arborea, Paramigyna Monophylia
  • Rutaceae Citrus including Atalantia Wightii, Citrus Grandis, Citrus Limon, Pomelo Citrus Maxima


3) Common Birdwing

  • Aristolochia family (Dutchman's Pipe) including A. Indica, A. Tagala (Indian Birthwort)
  • Bragantia Wallichi


4) Common Blue Bottle

  • Cinnamon family including C.Verum, Cinnamon Vine
  • Chisese Yam
  • Dioscorea Batatas
  • Laurel family (Persea Borbonia) of aromatic trees including Florida Mahogany, Red Bay, Shorebay
  • Coffee (Polyscias Guilfoylei)
  • Sugar Cane trees (Saccharum)
  • Tobacco (Nicotiana)


5) Common Clubtail

  • Apama Tomentosa


6) Common Jay

  • Annona Lawii
  • Champaka (Michelia Champaca)
  • Cinnamomum Macrocarpum
  • Custard Apple family (Annonaceae) including Soursop
  • Laurel family (Lauraceae)
  • Liriodendroidae including Tulip tree
  • Magnoliaceae family including: 

          Magnolioideae (Magnolia)
          Magnolia Grandiflora (Southern Magnolia, Bull Bay)
          Michelia Champaca
  • Milliusa Tomentosum
  • Polyalthia Longifolia family including False Ashoka, Green Champa, Indian Mast tree


7) Common Mime

  • Alseodaphne Semicarpifolia
  • Avocado tree (Persea Americana)
  • Cinnamonum fmily including Camphora (Camphor tree), Macrocarpum
  • Laurel family of aromatic evergreens including Bay, Blue Spruce, Hemlock, Jack Pine
  • Lauraceae family including Litsea Chinensis, Litsea Deccansis
  • Red Cedar
  • Sassafras
  • Spicebush/Spice Bush (Lindera Benzoin)
  • Tetranthera Apetala (Litsea Glutinosa)


8) Common Mormon

  • Aegle Marmelos
  • Atalantia Racemosa
  • Curry tree (Murraya Koenigii)
  • Glycosmis Arborea
  • Murraya Paniculata
  • Rutaceae includingt Bael (Aegle Marmelos)
  • Rutaceae Citrus including C. Aurantifolia, C. Grandis, C. Limon, C. Medica, C. Sinensis
  • Tripahsia sp.
  • Zanthoxylum Rhetsa (Rutaceae)


9) Common Rose

  • Aristolochia family (Dutchman's Pipe) especially A. Bracteolata, A. Griffithii, A. Indica, A. Siliquosa, A. Tagala


10) Common Windmill

  • Aristolochia family (Dutchman's Pipe) especially A. Griffithii, A. Shimadai
  • Napentheceae family (Napenthes sp.) especially Monkey Cupes (Tropical Pitcher Plants)


11) Crimson Rose

  • Adathoda Zeylonica including Malabarnut, Vasaka
  • Albizzia Lebbeck
  • Anacardium Occindentale (Cashew)
  • Antigonon Leptopus (Coral Vine)
  • Bougainvillea Spectabilis (Red, Purple, etc.. )
  • Ceasalpinia Pulcherrima family including:

          Dwarf PoincianaFlamboyan-de-Jardin
          Peacock flower
          Poinciana
          Pride of BarbadosRed
          Bird of Paradise
  • Capparis Spinosa (Nummularia) Caper Bush ssp. caper
  • Citheroxylum Subserratum (Roseus)
  • Clerodendrum Infortunatum
  • Dogbane family including Carissa Carandus, Catharanthus Roseus
  • Duranta Repens family including:
     
          Golden Dewdrop
          Pegion Berry
          Sweet Memories
  • Hibiscus Rosa (Malvaceae) including China Rose, Shoe Flower
  • Hyptis Suaveolens (Pignut)
  • Jasminum Angustifolium (Wild Jasmine)
  • Lantana Camara including Spanish Flag, West Indian Lantana
  • Muntingia Calabura (The Jamaica Cherry)
  • Nerium Odorum (Oleander)
  • Premna Latifolia (Verbenaceae/Verbena family)
  • Sida Acuta (Common Wireweed)
  • Sida Cordifolia family including:
      
          Bala
          Country Mallow
          Flannel Weed
          Heart-Leaf Sida
  • Stachytarpheta Indica including Indian Snakeweed, Nettle-Leaved Vervain
  • Wrightia Tinctoria including Pala Indigo, Dyer's Oleander
  • Zizyphus Oenoplia (Rhamnaceae family)


12) Five-Bar Swordtail

  • Annonaceae family including A. Elegance, A. Lawii, A. Zeylanica, Soursop, Uvaria sp.
  • Miliusa


13) Great Mormon

  • Rutaceae family including Paramignya Scandens
  • Rutaceae Citrus including Fortunella ssp.


14) Great Windmill

  • Aristolochia family (Dutchman's Pipe) especially A. Griffithii


15) Green Dragontail

  • Illigera Burmanica


16) Kaiser-e-Hind

  • Magnoliaceae family especially Magnolis Campbeli
        - Kaiser-e-Hind literally translates to 'Emperor of India'.


17) Krishna Peacock

  • Rutaceae Citrus including Grapefruit, Lemon, Lime, Orange
  • Rutaceae including Evodia Fraxinifolia, Zanthoxylum spp.


18) Lesser Mime Swallowtail

  • Cinnamomum Camphora (Camphor) Camphor tree
  • Persea Thunbergi (Litsea Coreana)


19) Lime Swallowtail Butterfly

  • Aegle Marmelos including Bael
  • Chloroxyon Swietenia including Buruta, East Indian, Satinwood-Ceylon
  • Glycosmis Arborea (Rutaceae)
  • Murraya Koenigii (Curry tree)
  • Ruta Graveolens including Common Rue, Herb-of-Grace
  • Rutaceae Citrus including Citrus Grandis, Citrus Limon, Citrus Sinensis
          The Lime Butterfly is sometimes called The
          Lemon Butterfly.


20) Malabar Banded Swallowtail

  • Rutaceae Citrus including Grapefruit, Lemon, Lime, Orange
  • Rutaceae including Acronychia Pedunculata, Evodia Roxburghiana


21) Malabar Banded Peacock Swallowtail

  • Rutaceae including Zanthoxylum Rhetsa


22) Malabar Raven Swallowtail

  • Rutaceae Citrus including Grapefruit, Lemon, Lime, Orange
  • Rutaceae including Glycosmis Arborea, Glycosmis Pentaphylla


23) Malabar Rose Swallowtail

  • Aristolochiaceae including Thottea Siliquosa


24) Paris Peacock

  • Rutaceae Citrus including Grapefruit, Lemon, Lime, Orange
  • Rutaceae including Evodia Roxburghiana, Toddalia Asiatica
  • Rutaceae including Zanthoxylum Ovalifolium (Little Yellowood)


25) Red Helen

  • Clausena Heptaphylla
  • Glycosmis family including Pentaphylla, Arborea
  • Phellodendron including Philodendron spp.
  • Rutaceae Citrus including Citrus Limon, Citrus Orange, Citrus Pummelo
  • Rutaceae including Evodia spp.
  • Rutaceae including Toddalia Asiatica, Zanthoxylum Acanthopodium, Zanthoxylum Nitidum, Zanthoxylum Rhetsa


26) Rose Windmill

  • Napentheceae family (Napenthes sp.) expecially Monkey Cups (Tropical Pitcher Plants)


27) Scarce Swallowtail

  • Blackthorn Bush, also called Sloe (Prunus Spinosa, Rosaceae)

    *Can also be called Sail Swallowtail and Pear-Tree Swallowtail

    *The Scarce Swallowtail can also be found in Europe. Click here for Swallowtail caterpillar host plants in this region.


28) Sixbar Swordtail

  • Lauraceae (Laurel) family especially Machilus Odoratissimus, or Machilus


29) Southern Birdwing

  • Aristolochia family (Dutchman's Pipe) especially A. Indica, A. Tagala (Indian Birthwort)
  • Thottea Siliquosa


30) Spectacle Swordtail

  • Lauraceae (Laurel) family especially Machilus Odoratissimus, or Michilus


31) Spot Swordtail

  • Custard Apple family (Annonaceae)
  • Miliusa Tomentosum
  • Miliusa Velutina
  • Polyalthia Longifolia family including False Ashoka, Green Champa, Indian Mast tree


32) Tailed Jay

  • Annona Discolor
  • Annona Muricata (Custard Apple) including Soursop
  • Annona Reticulata (Custard Apple)
  • Annona Squamosa (Sugar-Apple tree)
  • Cinnamomum sp.
  • Gonionthalamus Cardiopetalus (Annonaceae)
  • Michelia family including M. Champaca, M. Doltospa
  • Milliusa Tomentosum
  • Mitrephora Heyneana (Annonaceae)
  • Polyalthia Cerasoides (Annonaceae)
  • Polyalthia Longifolia family including False Ashoka, Green Champa, Indian Mast tree
  • Ylang-Ylang Vine (Artabotrys Hexapetalus)


33) White Dragontail

  • Hernandiaceae family including Illigera Celebica, Illigera Platyandra


34) Tamil Peacock

  • Erodia Roxburghiana




The Swallowtail caterpillar is found all over the world, which means different butterfly host plants as well. Click for:


To View Host Plants for Butterflies for All butterfly families click here




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