Goose Grass/Goosegrass (Eleusine indica)
Stems spread flat on ground and have thick, whitish-silver roots that spreads
out in a circular rosette pattern. Weed grows low to the ground in lawns, higher
in unmowed areas.
Stems have a thick middle membrane that continues on into the folding leaf
blade as a middle vein. Leaf blades randomly grow off of the stem. Leaves are
dark green and grow anywhere from 3-12 inches long. Depending on this weed's
species, there can also be rough, sparse hairs along the edge.
Each stem has 3 to 7 racemes, or finger-like spikes, growing upward at the top of a stem creating a whorl. A mature plant has 15 - 20 stems, producing 50
to 140 racemes on one plant.
The raceme has many tiny branches growing off of it called
a pedicel. There are numerous pedicels growing from one raceme at a 45 degree angles.
|Photo: Tau Olunga|
This weed grows in clumps. If left unmowed, stems usually grow upright
anywhere from 6 inches to 2 feet tall. They adapt to mowing height at the
pedicel point, where flowering heads, or seed heads, are also located.
Another distinguishing characteristic is when mowing lawn the if mower blades don't cleanly cut grassy weed it leaves behind frayed stems, pedicels and flower heads in its wake.
Goose grass is competitive and difficult to remove. It invades infertile,
tightly compacted, rocky soils but will adapt to any type of soil. It can be
both a warm-season and cold-season weed and grows throughout the United States
and Canada with some exceptions.
Seeds germinate in late spring to early summer requiring light and moisture.
Use a preemergent two to three times up to early May. Soil temperature should be
at 55 - 60 degrees Fahrenheit for at least 3 days for successful herbicide
application. Germination occurs at 60 to 65 degrees. The goal is to apply
preemergent 1 - 2 weeks before germination. Also try boiling water as a
After May, when weed begins to grow the best option for manual removal is to
dig weed out - it's root system is extensive. The root spreads rapidly and can
get very well established, especially in thin turf. It spreads by seed, stems
don't root at joints. If removing from turf, the downside is that the hole will
need to be filled.
In the case of controlling garden weeds, dig weed out, cut or hoe to avoid
seeds spreading and continue with suggestions below. Always use garden mulch,
especially in early stages.
Solarizing black plastic mulch has also proven effective for killing weed and
weed seeds. Depending on location of weed, cover crops may be an effective
consideration if not planning on growing garden or turf right away.
Upon growth of a mature weeds - burning weeds and seeds with propane torch has worked. For herbicides use a glyphosate post-emergent. Spot treat clumps with a non-selective post-emergent. Be aware that post-emergent herbicides offer no guarantees.
It's better to focus on controlling goose grass by manual methods of removal combined with preemergent's. If weed is located in lawn, focus on seeding turf where it won't be so thin.
Butterfly Garden on Facebook
Jan 14, 17 08:14 PM
Annual bluegrass (Poa annua) is considered a weed in the Poa family, which has a few popular turf grasses. If this gets into your butterfly garden listed are a few ways to eradicate it.
Sep 25, 16 10:54 PM
There are the annual, or Iberis, candytuft flowers and also perennials which are called Iberis sempervirens.
Sep 19, 16 01:10 PM
Reviewing the types of products available for keeping deer out of our gardens along with building fences. Many of these products help with other garden pests.
Sep 19, 16 12:52 PM
Compared to other wildlife gardening, butterfly meadows take time and are not for the faint of heart.
Sep 19, 16 12:32 PM
Natural gardening includes different types of gardens. These garden types create a casual, natural envirionment and help sustain native wildlife which includes butterflies.