It all starts with pollen, or male gametes, found on the stamen of the flower. This pollen powder has a strong protective outer coating so it can be carried long distances to the female gametes of the flower, called a pistil.
Breezes and winds carry about 20% of pollen. This method of transfer is called anemophilous, which translates to mean 'wind-loving'. The other 80% of pollen transfer relies on the process entomophilous, which means 'insect-loving'. Butterflies are known to be second to bees for pollinating.
Flowers attract butterflies, other insects and animals because of their bright colors and strong scents.
Insects seeking nectar get a great deal of pollen on them which they then carry from flower to flower while feeding.
Herbivores and omnivores feeding on flowers and plants carry pollen when they brush on the flower. This includes humans.
Transfer is usually accidental, but can be intentional through various methods of propagation.
Water also transfers pollen. It could be trough rain, watering with a garden hose, puddles or more extensive pools of water.
If the pollen lands on a flowering plant where
both sex cells are compatible, fertilization can occur. A pollen tube is
produced leading to the ovules. The sperm transfers down the Style to a
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