Host Plants for Butterflies - Nymphalidae Family

This is the last of three pages of host plants for butterflies
of the Nymphalidae Family.


Photo: col&tasha


We cover Brushfoots that are found in North America, Central and South America with names starting R-Z.  Because there are so many more species in this family, caterpillar food is broken down into other pages:



The types of butterflies that are Brushfoots include -Admiral butterfly, Anglewings, Buckeye Butterfly, Crescent/Checkerspot Butterfly, Fritillary Butterfly, Ladies, Leafwing Butterflies, Tortoiseshells. 
Click for a quick reference of caterpillar food for each.


To view host plants for butterflies for all butterfly families click here



1) Red Admiral

      Aspens (Pupulus sp)

      Birches (Betula sp)

      Baby/Babies-tears (Soleirolia soleirolii)

      Chokecherry (Prunus demissa)

      Cottonwoods (Populus sp)

      Hops (Humulus lupulus)

      Nettle family (Urtica sp)

  • Smallspike False (Boehmeria cylindrica)
  • Stinging (Urtica chamaedryoides)
  • Tall (Urtica procera)
  • Wood (Laportea canadensis)

      Pellitory (Parietaria pensylvanica)

  • Poplars (Populus sp)
  • Oaks (Quercus sp)
  • Wild Cherry (Prunus avium)
  • Willows (Salix sp)


2) Red Satyr

      Grasses including:

  • Bermuda (Cynodon dactylon)
  • St. Augustine (Stenotaphrum secundatum)
  • Sedges (Carex sp) 

     Ornamental type grasses and plain grass types (including weeds) are often host plants for butterflies.


3) Regal Fritillary

      Violets (Viola sp) including:

  • Bird/Birdsfoot (Viola pedata)
  • Prairie (Viola pedatifida)


4) Red Spotted Purple

      Apple (Malus pumila)

      Aspens (Pupulus sp)

      Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)

      Carolina Basswood (Tilia americana)

      Common Pear (Pyrus communis)

      Cottonwood (Pupulus deltoides)

      Crabapple (Malus sp) including:

  • Hybrids (Malus hybrids)
  • Southern (Malus angustifolia)
  • Wild (Malus coronaria)

      Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)

      Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus)

      Locusts (Fabaceae or Leguminosae)

      Poplars (Populus sp)

      Purpleleaf plum (Prunus cerasifera)

     Rose (Rocaceae)

     Serviceberries (Amelanchier sp)

     Wild Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)

     Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

     Willows (Salix sp) including:

  • Black (Salix nigra)
  • Carolina Coastal (Salix caroliniana)
  • Coastal Plain (Salix caroliniana)
  • Wheeping (Salix babylonica)

     Willow Oak (Quercus phellos)


5) Ruddy Daggerwing

      Figs (Ficus sp)

  • Australian (Ficus macrophylla)
  • Common (Ficus carica)
  • Florida Strangler (Ficus aurea)
  • Weeping (Ficus benjamina)
  • Wild Banyantree (Ficus citrifolia)


6) Scarce Bamboo Page

      Passionflower (Passiflora sp)

  • Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis)
  • Vineleaf (Passiflora Vitifolia)
  • Water Lemon (Passiflora laurifolia)
  • (Passiflora ambigua) (No common name known)


7) Silvery Checkerspot

  • Asters (Asteraceae)
  • Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)
  • Blazing Star (Liatris spicata)
  • Common Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)
  • Frostweed (Verbesina virginica)
  • Gayfeather (Liatris spicata)
  • Gravelweed Crownbeard (Verbesina helianthoides)
  • Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)
  • Pale Purple Coneflower Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
  • Sunflowers (Helianthus sp)
  • Tennessee Coneflower (Echinacea tennesseensis)
  • White Crownbeard (Verbesina virginica)


8) Soldier

  • Blood-flower (Asclepias curassivica)
  • Pinkroot (Spigelia sp)
  • Pink Swamp/Swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
  • Scarlet Milkweed (Asclepias curassivica)
  • Southern Butterflyweed (Asclepias tuberosa rolfsii)
  • Talayote (Cynanchum racemosum)
  • White Milkweed (Asclepias perennis)
  • White Vine (Sarcostemma clausum)


9) Southern Snout

  • Hackberry (Celtis sp)


10) Spangled Fritillary

      Violets (Viola sp) including:

  • Bird/Birdsfoot (Viola pedata)


11) Streamside Checkerspot

      Asters (Asteraceae)

      Cutleaf Coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata)

      Sunflowers (Helianthus sp) including:

  • Common (Helianthus annuus)


12) Sweet Oil - Before using any host plants for butterflies note:

  • Deadly Nightshade/Belladonna (Atropa belladonna) -
    Poisonous to Humans/Horses/Dogs/Cats and other animals.
  • Solanum (Solanum dulcamara)
    Invasive and Poisonous to some Humans


13) Tawny Emperor

      Hackberry (Celtis sp)

  • Netleaf (Celtis reticulata)
  • Sugarberry (Celtis occidentalis)


14) Texan Crescent

  • Ater (Asteraceae)
  • Carolina Wild Petunia (Ruellia caroliniensis)
  • False Mint (Dicliptera brachiata)
  • Flame Acanthus (Anisacanthus quadrifidus wrightii)
  • Hummingbird Bush (Anisacanthus quadrifidus wrightii)
  • Mexican Petunia (Ruellia brittoniana)
  • Plantains (Plantago sp)
  • Small Flower (Ruellia caroliniensis)
  • Snake Herb (Dyschoriste linearis)
  • Tubetongue/Hairy Tubetongue (Siphonoglossa pilosella)
  • Turtlehead (Chelone obliqua speciosa)
  • Violet Ruellia (Ruellia nudiflora)


15) Theona Checkerspot

  • Aster (Asteraceae)
  • Ceniza Blanca (Leucophyllum texanum)
  • Paintbrush (Castilleja indivisa)
  • Plantains (Plantago sp)
  • Purple Sage (Lecuophyllum frutescens)
  • Turtlehead (Chelone obliqua speciosa)


16) Thessalis Leanira Checkerspot

  • Paintbrushes (Castilleja sp)


17) Tiny Checkerspot

  • Beloperone (Justicia californica)
  • Chuparosa/Chuperosa (Justicia californica)


18) Tropical leafwing

  • Three-seed Croton (Croton lindheimerianus)
  • Woolly Croton (Croton capitatus)


19) Variable Checkerspot

     California Bee Plant (Scrophularia californica)

     California Figwort (Scrophularia californica)

     Indian Warrior (Pedicularis densiflora)

     Monkey Flower (Mimulus aurantiacus)

     Plantains (Plantago sp)

  • Buckhorn Ribwort (Plantago lanceolata)
  • English (Plantago lanceolata)

      Sticky Monkey Bush/Flower (Mimulus aurantiacus)


20) Variegated Fritillary

  • Erect Spiderling (Boerhavia erecta)
  • Flax family (Linum)
  • Berlandier's (Linum Berlandieri)
  • Grooved (Linum sulcatum)
  • Meadow (Linum pratense)
  • Rock (Linum rupestre)
  • Texas (Linum medium)
  • Tufted (Linum imbricatum)
  • Passion Flower (Passiflora sp)
  • Corky Stemmed (Passiflora suberosa)
  • Maypop (Passiflora incarnata)
  • Yellow (Passiflora lutea)
  • Plantains (Plantago sp)
  • Sedum (Stonecrop's)
  • Violets/Pansies (Viola sp)
  • Common (Viola floridana)
  • Johnny Jump-ups (Viola tricolor)
  • Nodding Green (Hybanthus verticillatus)
  • Pioneer (Viola glabella)
  • Stream (Viola glabella)
  • Woolly-Blue (Viola soraria)
  • Wild (Viola pedunculata)


21) Vesta Crescent

  • Snake Herb (Dyschoriste linearis)
  • Tubetongue/Hairy Tubetongue (Siphonoglossa pilosella)


22) Viceroy Butterfly

       Aspens (Populus sp)

       Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)

       Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)

       Fruit trees especially Apple (Malus)

       Plum (Prunus sp)

       Poplars (Populus sp)

  • Black (Populus nigra)
  • White (Populus Alba)

      Willows (Salix sp)

  • Black (Salix nigra)
  • Coasted/Coastal Plain (Salix caroliniana)
  • Carolina (Salix caroliniana)
  • Goat (Salix caprea)
  • Sandbar (Salix Exigua)


23) Virginia Lady

  • Cudweed (Gnaphalium falcatum)
  • Everlastings (Gamochaeta sp)
  • Mallows (Malva sp)


24) West Coast Lady

       Checkerbloom (Sidalcea malvaeflora)

       Common Hollyhock (Althea rosea)

       Lupine (Lupinus succulentus)

       Mallows (Malva sp) 

  • Bull (Malva nicaeensis)
  • Cheeseweed (Malva nicaeensis)
  • Common (Malva neglecta)

      Nettles (Urtica sp)

      Sage (Salvia sp)

      Tree Mallow (Lavatera maritima)


25) White Admiral

  • Aspens (Populus sp)
  • Basswood (Tilia americana)
  • Birches (Betula sp)
  • Cherry family (Prunus sp)
  • Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
  • Honeysuckle (Lonicera)
  • Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana)
  • Hawthorns (Crataegus sp)
  • Plums (Prunus sp)
  • Poplars (Populus sp)
  • Willows (Salix sp)


26) White Peacock

      Frogfurit (Lippia sp)

  • Common (Lippia nodiflora)
  • Lanceleaf (Lippia lanceolata)

      Herb-of-Grace (Bacopa monnieri)

      Lantana species

      Lemon Bacopa (Bacopa caroliniana)

      Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)

      Mints (Mentha sp) including:

  • Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

      Snapdragon family (Scrophulariaceae)

      Verbena (Verbenaceae)

  • Lemon (Aloysia triphylla)

      Water Willow (Justica americana)

      Wild Petunia (Ruellia sp)

      Water Hyssop (Bacopa monnieri)


27) Zebra Longwing Butterfly

      Passionflower (Passiflora sp)

  • Corky Stemmed (Passiflora subersosa)
  • Maypop (Passiflora incarnata)
  • Purple (Passiflora incarnata incense)
  • Two-flower (Passiflora biflora)
  • Yellow (Passiflora lutea)




Host plants for butterflies of the Nymphalidae Family continues for:

Butterfly names starting with the letters A-G

Butterfly names starting with the letters H-Q





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